Childhood obesity is one of the most important public health challenges the world is facing today. The problem is global and is slowly acquiring epidemic proportions. Do you know which country has the second highest number of obese children in the world, India ,with approx. 14.4 million reported cases
China, has 15.3 million obese children, which tops the list. It has almost The doubled in the world since 1980.
The prevalence of overweight as well as obesity among children and adolescents has shown an increasing trend in all strata of society.It is because majority of today’s children are living in obesogenic environment. Inclination to fast foods and sugar-sweetened beverages and preference for screen games to outdoor games are leading to energy imbalance and increasing obesity which, once acquired, persists during adulthood and rest of the life. Childhood, therefore, is the critical time to detect overweight/obesity and start preventive action to ward off the scourge of noncommunicable diseases.
You will be shocked to know that the occurrence of obesity among children was lower than adults, but still childhood obesity has grown at a much faster rate than adult obesity. According to data index over 2 billion people around the world including children are overweight. Approximately 100 million children more than 600 million adults has (BMI) above 30, which is the threshold for obesity.
China and the United States has highest Adult obesity. It is even found higher in woman
Would you believe that there were 4 million deaths globally due to high BMI, nearly 40 per cent of which occurred in persons who were not obese.
Obesity continues to be the most important preventable risk factor for lifestyle diseases. Childhood is the most critical time to prevent and control obesity. Healthful environment in schools is one of the many technically sound interventions for checking the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity. Large scale trials using healthful environment in schools as intervention may pave the way for a newer strategy in this direction